History of the department
“Traumatology, orthopedics with MFS”
Traumatology and orthopedics as a medical specialty and as a subject of teaching in medical schools in Uzbekistan became possible after the organization in Tashkent Average Asian University and the establishment of the Faculty of Medicine in its composition.
Issues of Traumatology and Orthopedics in the first years of doing prof. MS Asters and prof. G.A. Iyzina.
In 1926, the curriculum of the Faculty of Medicine introduced optional Assistant course of traumatology and orthopedics with bone tuberculosis, who read Professor. M.S. Astrov and senior assistant V.A. Dobrohotov. In connection with practical needs and the need improving teaching, it established the first republic in the Orthopedic Clinic with 30 beds (first at the Institute of Physiotherapy them. Semashko, then on the basis of the Medical Faculty Hospital SAGA). Clinic and headed for 1930-1935g.g.prof I.M. Chizhin. Activity prof. I.M.Chizhina was aimed at promoting the trauma of the population, improvement of methods of treatment of patients with orthopedic injuries and diseases. From 1935 to 1938 The head of the clinic and the course of traumatology and bone tuberculosis was prof. S.V. Kaufman, who worked at the same time scientific director of the Institute of Traumatology and Orthopaedics, which has been created in Uzbekistan in 1931. SV Kaufman has made significant methods of operations on the paralytic strain, described new symptoms of tuberculosis of the spine.
Since the reorganization of the medical faculty at the medical school in 1931, according to the position of the Institute of Traumatology and Orthopedics course was when as professor at the department of hospital surgery. Lectures are delivered with the 1939-1949 yy. Associate Professor LI Reichstein.
Clinical Department, which was based on the exchange rate, has 60 beds and it satisfied the requirements of the pedagogical process, because the studies were only of medical students. During 1934-1939 GG assistant chair was B.I. Berliner, successfully defended his thesis in 1935 and later (1943) doctoral thesis. In 1939, the situation in rate remained unchanged, only the changed personnel. The department worked: M.L. Dmitriev V.N. Spondylitis, A.A. Terekhin, M.I. Marchenko. He headed the department of hospital surgery in which there was a course of traumatology and orthopedics, to 1950, Prof. I.I. Orlov, and then prof. S.A. Masumov (1957).
The management of the course of traumatology and orthopedics from 1950 to 1957 was entrusted to senior lecturer VA Sorokin was an assistant E.V. Luzina 1945.
Over the years the course of traumatology and orthopedics of its employees were executed numerous monographs, journal articles on various sections of the pathology of the musculoskeletal system. In particular, research into the shape of a normal and flat feet (BI Berliner, VN spondylitis), diagnosis and treatment of fractures of various localization (V.A. Sorokin, M. Marchenko, A.A. Terekhin), organization of traumatological and orthopedic care and control of injury (B.I. Berliner Dmirty M.L.), pathology and technology amputation stump (BI Berliner), congenital deformation (EV Luzina).
In accordance with the decision of the All-Union, in 1957 it organized the independent chair of traumatology and orthopedics Head. Chair of the competition was elected Prof. dr B.I. Berliner.
Employees of the department of Tashkent State Medical Institute since 1957, is an assistant professor V.A. Sorokin, assistants E.V. Luzina, Yu ax and later (1965.). S.B. Turgunov, Z.M. Umarov, L.A. Burleva and S.L. Kim.
Originally based in the Department of Scientific Research Institute of Traumatology and Orthopedics, and subsequently received on the basis of 14 city hospital 80 beds later in the casualty department of hospital emergency room 60 beds: from 1967 to 1971 trauma unit 6; 1971 to 1979 based on the medical unit 220 beds.
Since 1957y. teaching the basics of traumatology and orthopedics was introduced not only to the medical, pediatric and (1958), sanitation (1960), 1966 medical and pediatric departments of the evening, since 1971. at the faculty. During 26 years of existence department enrolled students has increased steadily. The department spends most methodical work on drawing up schemes to teaching workshops and lectures on traumatology and orthopedics in accordance with the specific departments
Before 1970, in the department teach the basics of traumatology and orthopedics, elected head of the field surgery. Most of the military surgery was taught at the Department of Hospital Surgery Medical Faculty, surgical diseases, pediatric and sanitation departments. In September, 1971y It was organized by the Department of Traumatology and Orthopedics with a course of military surgery. Head of chair was elected Doctor of Medical Science M.H. Kariev.
From 1979 to 1981. Department located in a new complex of clinics Tashkent State Medical Institute, Head of the Department was E.V. Luzina. Chair possessed a clinical department with 120 beds: 60 trauma, orthopedic, 30 patients with burns, equipped with modern equipment and staffed by qualified personnel.
In the department of hospitalized patients with acute musculoskeletal injury – musculoskeletal system, the chest and abdominal cavity, brain, as well as for the rehabilitation treatment of complications after injuries and congenital diseases of the musculoskeletal system. At the front desk operated clock emergency station.
In connection with the merger of the department with the research institute of traumatology and orthopedics, with 1981-1982 academic years the department is based in scientific center of Traumatology, Head. Director of the Department appointed prof. MD Dusmuratov. The department has clinical departments: acute trauma, neurotrauma, trauma, deformities of the upper and lower extremities, pathology of the hip and spine with a total of 340 beds. In the newly rebuilt the clinic operates around the clock every day and emergency station being polyclinic reception. All clinical departments, a laboratory, X-ray service on target for a practical training with students V-VI courses I-II medical faculties, V course for sanitary department. VI rate of foreign students and IV year Faculty of Dentistry.
The research work of the Department staff has been associated with the most pressing issues of Traumatology and Orthopedics and develop directions, elected in the previous years, ie the study of injuries in the industry, agriculture and among the builders of the city of Tashkent, with vocational rehabilitation after injury, paralytic deformities, development of best practices for the treatment of congenital and acquired deformities, treatment of fractures of different localization and its consequences, bone tumors, and so on. etc.
In this period the department was engaged in the problem of the development and implementation into medical practice of reconstructive and plastic surgery. The department worked – head. MD of the Department Dusmuratov, prof. EV Luzina, senior lecturers: V.I. Frolov, T.I. Inagamdzhanov, O.S. Isaev. 17 assistants from them with a degree in Medical Science: E.V. Berliner, L.A. Burleva, B.D. Guliamov, S.T. Ibragimov, T.M. Mirazimova, T.M. Mirzaakarimov, R.J. Yakubov. Without degree: M.M. Dusmuratov, H.K. Kadyrov A.A. Mulladzhanov, M.D. Riskhiev, Z.M.Umarov, I.E. Keynova.
During the period of the department and Assistant course of traumatology, orthopedics and field surgery staff of the Department defended two doctoral dissertations: B.I.Berliner-1943 and E.V.Luzina-1973, successfully defended her thesis: B.I.Berliner (1935. ), AA Terekhin (1945), VN Spondylitis (1944), VA Sorokin (1946)., E.V.Luzina (1957.), R. Akhmedzhanova (1961) A.H.Abdugafurov (1962.), I.H.Ishanhodzhaev (1962), SB Turgunov (1963), B.V.Shavarin (1965), N.F.Fayzullaev (1965), I.R.Yunusmetov (1966), Yu.A.Toporov (1968) , M.A.Lyubova (1968), SM Greenstein (1968.), AE Kim (1972)., K.K.Kabilov (1972.), L.A.Burleva (1973.), G.A.Alihodzhaeva (1974).
For research in the department and the students involved. On the scientific and student conferences were presented more than 50 works.
Many participants of the scientific student circle (CHO) subsequently grown scientists and researchers, as H. Tukhtasinov, W, A. Agzamova, EA Shakirov, Khrabrova E., L. Savitskaya.
In 1979 the department was divided into the newly organized Department of Neurosurgery, the organizer and the first head of the department was Professor M.H. Kariev and the chair of traumatology and orthopedics, which became the head of the department from 1980-1983. prof. M.D. Dusmuratov.
Since 1986 and after the organization in 1990. II Tashkent State Medical Institute chair of a professor Sh.Sh. Khamraev.
Honored Scientist of the Republic of Uzbekistan, MD, professor Sh.Sh. Khamraev defended his thesis on “Surgical treatment of Dupuytren’s contracture” in 1964 CITO them. Priorov Moscow. The doctoral thesis was on the topic “Vacuum homoplasty and the surgical treatment of patients with chronic traumatic and hematogenous osteomyelitis of long bones,” and was successfully defended in 1974 CITO them. NN Priorov Moscow. Professor Sh.Sh. Khamraev headed the department from 1986 to 2005.In 1993 he organized the only region in the Republican Specialized Center of Surgery and hand joints. From 1993 to 2009 the combined position of Director of the center, and was head of the department of traumatology, orthopedics and field surgery to neurosurgery for 2005. Since 2010 he is professor of counselor in the heart of them organize joint replacement surgery and hand. From the organizational work on his proposal and the direct participation of organized Bukhara Medical Institute. Abu Ali Ibn Sina (Avicenna) and the Republican Clinical Hospital №3 Uzbek SSR in 1983. On topical issues of Orthopedics and Traumatology trained in 1986 at the Research Institute of Traumatology and Orthopedics in Riga, in 1989 in Japan (1 month.), In 1992 (35 days) from Yale University, USA, in 1995, University of Illinois US, 1997 Switzerland and several times in Moscow and other Russian cities.During the period of leadership of Head of the Department prof. Sh.Sh. Khamraev members of the department were active research work in the following areas:
■ Surgical treatment of deformities of the joints and connective tissue
■ Hand surgery
■ Orthopedics Endoscopy
Under his editorship was prepared translation into the official language textbook H.A. Musalatova and G.S. Yumasheva “Traumatology and Orthopedics” M. “Medicine”, 1995.Prof. Sh.Sh. Khamraev the author of over 250 scientific works including 4 monographs, 2 textbook, 35 patents for inventions and 16 rational proposals. Coauthor dictionaries for Medicine (1994, 1999). Prepared 4 Doctors of Medical Science, 26 candidates of honey. Sciences.
Doctoral thesis defended M.J. Azizov, S.U.Asilova, M.Yu. Karimov.
During this period, he worked at the department prof. S.U. Asilova, Ass. M.J. Azizov, T.I. Inagamzhanov, B.D. Guliamov, A.M. Muhammadziev assistants: MD A.A. Hudoybergenov Ph.D. OT Akhmedov, MD I.A. Petrov, Ph.D. M.Yu. Karimov, MD J.I. Ibragimov, neurosurgeons Ph.D. AE Kim, ass. K.Z. Imomnazarov, A.A. Sharipov.
Since 2005 the department is headed by Ph.D. Karimov MU Under the leadership of M.Y. Karimov at the Department fundamentally changed methods of teaching and training in the subjects of traumatology, orthopedics, neurosurgery, military surgery. In the educational process introduced multimedia training methods, new information technologies, animation, practical skills training general practitioners developed by the standards of common methodological techniques, has published numerous teaching aids.
Since 2005, actively conducting scientific research the following:
- developed and implemented a new method for the treatment of chronic synovitis of the knee joint.
- Developed and implemented a new method of surgical treatment and early rehabilitation of injuries of the elbow joint.
- Study of the problem of osteoporosis in the degenerative diseases of bones and joints.
- Developed and implemented a new method treatment and early rehabilitation of injuries of the knee.
- A new rod apparatus for the treatment of long bone fractures.
- Develop and implement new methods of treatment of injuries of the acetabulum.
- develop and implement new methods of treatment of patellar instability.
- develop and implement new methods of treatment of injuries and diseases of the shoulder girdle.
Under the leadership of MY Karimov, in 2012 he defended his thesis EB Guliamov on “The choice of methods of surgical treatment of chronic synovitis of the knee.” Prepared by 25 masters. Received 15 patents for new treatments for orthopedic and trauma patients, published more than 100 articles.
The present staff of the department consists of 2 doctor of medical sciences, 3 associate professors, 1 senior teachers and 5 assistants.
The department has close links with foreign universities, such as “Chonnam University” (Korea), Inje University (Korea), Riga University. Stradynja, Russian University of Friendship of Peoples, the First Moscow State Medical University. IM Sechenov, Russian Medical Academy. NI Pirogov, Samara State Medical University, Central Institute of Traumatology and Orthopedics. Priorov, Russian Scientific Research Institute of Traumatology and Orthopedics. RR Vreden, Novosibirsk Research Institute of Traumatology and Orthopedics. Tsivyan YL,
Institute of Neurosurgery. Polenova Ukrainian Scientific Research Institute of Traumatology and Orthopedics. Sytenko, University of Astana, Scientific Research Institute of Traumatology and Orthopedics of Kazakhstan.